CATEGORY: Lifestyle, landscape, architecture, people
AUSTRALIA: CITIES AND TOWNS
Australia is an island continent, located 37°47'S 144°58'E.
Prior to European settlement in 1788, the indigenous population is estimated at between 750,000 and 1 million people. The estimated population in 2015 was 24 million people.
Australia has fewer than three people per square kilometre of total land area. With 89.01% of its population living in urban areas.
Australia's two largest cities by population are Sydney and Melbourne.
Sydney, located in the state of New South Wales, had a population of nearly 4 million people 2011. It was settled in 1788.
Melbourne, located in the southern-most mainland state of Australia, had a population of over 3.7 million people in 2011. It was founded by free settlers on 30 August 1835, and named "Melbourne" in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.
It was officially declared a city by Queen Victoria in 1847, after which it became the capital of the newly founded colony of Victoria in 1851. During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, it was transformed into one of the world's largest and wealthiest cities, and still today it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region.
It is the financial capital of Australia, and referred to as Australia's "cultural capital" - the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries, and Australian contemporary dance.
It is recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a major centre for street art, music and theatre.
Known for: Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria, the State Library of Victoria and the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building.
It has been named the world's most liveable city according to The Economist five years in a row (2011-2015).
ABN: 93 233 520 564
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